What is the Real Danger?
• An estimated 858,900 (3%) Canadian adults 18 years and older reported being told by a health professional that they have OSA
• In addition to those who reported being diagnosed with OSA, over 1 in 4 (26%) adults reported symptoms and risk factors associated with a high risk of having or developing OSA
• 80% of moderate and severe obstructive sleep apnea cases currently are undiagnosed
• Patients who are undiagnosed, untreated or non-compliant with OSA treatment tend to have high mortality rates
• Industry CPAP compliance rates range from 28% to 84%
• RHS patients experience a 94% CPAP compliance rate
Comparison of Kaplan-Meier curve from studies predicting long term outcome due to smoking with patients who have non-treated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The yellow line indicates the survival distribution for patients with untreated severe OSA, the grey line those with untreated mild and moderate OSA and the blue line those who smoke 20+ cigarettes/day.
Comparison of survival probability of individuals with severe OSA, mild and moderate OSA and those who are heavy smokers
Both smoking and untreated OSA can lead to premature death. Smoking has a significant impact on life expectancy and can shorten life-span by 7-10 years.Non-compliance to CPAP treatment for those with severe sleep apnea is more dangerous than smoking heavily.Patients with severe OSA and who were not compliant to CPAP therapy have a higher mortality rate when compared to heavy smokers.